12.3.2 exercise: formation of the pretérito perfeito composto do conjuntivo

The pretérito perfeito composto do conjuntivo is used when a hypothetical action has an impact on the moment where it is imagined in the present and subjectively evalutated. If this imagined action is taken for granted, for instance after to think, we use the indicative mood. Somebody can for instance hope, fear, presume, order that an event is accomplished in the future. Concerning the context when it is used see 12.2.3.

The pretérito perfeito composto describes the action as accomplished in the present. Let's illustrate this with an example.

He hopes that he has come.

The action is imagined, subjectively evaluated and finished in the present at the moment of the imagination. The person who imagines this action is not sure that the person has already come, but he hopes that, because something depends from that.

The formation of the perfeito composto do conjuntivo is so simple that two examples are enough. The preterito perfeito composto is formed with the presente do conjuntivo of the auxiliary verb ter in presente do conjuntivo, tenha, tenhas, tenha, tenhamos, tenham, and the past participle of the respective verb.

The formation of the pretérito mais-que-perfeito follows the same scheme, only that instead of the presente do conjuntivo the auxiliary verb is in the imperfeito do conjuntivo, tivesse, tivesses, tivesse, tivessemos, tivessem.

Conugate these two verbs in the pretérito perfeito composto do conjuntivo.

dormir => dormido => to sleep
fazer => feito => to do

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