It is useful to see that difference. What is identical in the form is not necessarily identical concerning the syntactical function.
It is easy to understand why there is no difference in the form in the regular verbs. The infinitivo pessoal is formed by adding the personal endings, eu falar, tu falares, ele / ela falar, nós falarmos, eles / elas falarem to the infinitive. The steem of the futuro do conjuntivo is the the third person plural of the pretérito perfeito simples without the personal ending -am / -em. If we leave out the personal ending, we get the steem and the steem in this case, in the case of regular verbs, the infinitive: falaram => falar. Since the steem and the ending are the same in both cases, there is no difference, in regular verbs, in the form.
In the case of an irregular verb this is not the case. If we leave out for instance the ending of the third person plural of the verb saber, souberam, we get souber and that is not identical to the infinitive.
The infinitivo pessoal can be used everywhere where an infinitiv can be used, in other words, as an infinitiv he can be an object and in front of an object we have a preposition. The futuro do conjuntivo has the syntactical function of a verb and is introduced by a conjunction, see 16 infinitivo pessoal.
Decide in the following sentences whether the marked verbforms are a conjuntivo (futuro do conjuntivo, presente do conjuntivo, imperfeito do conjuntivo) or a infinitivo pessoal. Justify your choice. To get the answer click on the eye.