12.2.2 The formation of the imperfeito do conjuntivo

The imperfeito do conjuntivo is used in the same context as the presente do conjuntivo, however it doesn't describe simultaneity between the action described in the main clause (in indicative) and the action described in the subordinate clause (in subjunctive) in the present, but in the past.

The verb in the main clause is in a tense of the present
É uma pena que chegues atrasado.
It is a pity that you come lately.
The verb in the main clause is in a tense of the past
Foi uma pena que chegasses atrasado.
It was a pity that you came lately.


The imperfeito do conjuntivo is formed by leaving out the personal ending of the third person plural of the perfeito simples (-aram) and adding to this steem the endings of the imperfeito do conjuntivo -asse, -asses, -asse, -ássemos, -assem in the case that verb belongs to the group of verbs whose infinitive ending is -ar, -isse, -isses, -isse, -íssemos, -issem in the case that the verb belongs to the group of verbs whose infinitive ends with -ir and -esse, -esses, -esse, -êssemos, -essem in the case the verb belongs to the group of verbs ending in -er.


imperfeito do conjuntivo pagar = to pay produzir = to produce ler = to read
eles pagarameles produzirameles leram
eupagasseproduzisselesse
tu pagasses produzisseslesses
ele / ela
você
o senhor / a senhora
pagasseproduzisselesse
nós pagássemos produzíssemos ssemos
eles / elas
vocês
os senhores / as senhoras
pagassem

produzissem

lessem



As usual the most frequent verbs, the verbs most used, are the most irregular ones. However regular is relative in this case. The imperfeito do conjuntivo is regular, wenn it can be deduced from the pretérito perfeito simples, the problem however is that the pretérito perfeito simples is very often irregular. If we start from the pretérito perfeito simples, the verbs below are regular. The problem is, that the pretérito perfeito simples is irregular.

imperfeito do conjuntivo ser (to be) ter (to have) poder (to be able to) querer (to want, to desire)
dritte Plural perfeito simpleforamtiverampuderamquiseram
eufossetivessepudessequisesse
tu fossestivessespudessesquisesses
ele / ela
você
o senhor / a senhora
fossetivessepudessequisesse
nós fôssemos tivéssemos pudéssemos quiséssemos
eles / elas
vocês
os senhores / as senhoras
fossem

tivessem

pudessem

quisessem



Apart from the contexts already mentioned in 12.1.1 the imperfeito do conjuntivo is used as well in conditonal clauses of type 2, condition possible, although not probable (If I had money, I would stop working). We will discuss about conditional clauses in chapter 13. (As it has been already said, the imperfeito do conjuntivo is used, if the main clause is in a tense of the past, in the imperfeito, pretérito perfeito simples.)

1) after verbs like advise, agree, wish etc.
2) in relative clauses when the relative clause describes a wish
3) in relative clause when the relative claus describes something inexistet
4) after conjunction that describes a goal, in order to or uncertainty, perhaps
5) in indirect speech it the indirect speech contains an order
6) after idiomatic expressions that express uncertainty
7) after idiomatic expressions that expresses a subjective attitude toward the reality
8) in unreal conditional clauses
9) after certain indefinitive pronouns (see indefinitive pronouns)

1) after verbs like to wish, to hope, to doubt etc
Esperavaque ele comesse a sopa toda.
Hoped that he would the soup whole
I hoped that he would eat the whole soup.
Não queria que ele vendesse a casa.
Not wanted that he sells the house.
I didn't want him to sell the house..
Eu desejava que meu marido me desse um presente.
I wished that my husband me gave a present.
I wished my husband presented me a gift.
Não admitia que se fizesse greve.
Not allowed that one made strike.
He didn't allow to strike.
Proibiu que revelassem o acordo.
Forbad that published the agreement.
He forbad that the agreement would be published.
Deixou que as crianças brincassem à vontade.
Let that the children played as mood.
He let the children play as they liked.
2) in a relative clause if the relative clause describes a wish
Queria um carro que não fosse igual ao do vizinho.
Wanted a car that not was equal to the of the neighbour.
I wanted a car different from that of my neighbour.
3) in relative clauses if the relative clause describes something inexistent
Não encontrou quem aceitasse o encargo.
Not found who accepted the order.
He didn't find anybody willing to accept the order.
Não encontrou ninguém que assumisse a culpa.
Not found anybody who assumed the Schuld.
He didn't find anybody willing to assume the responsibility.
4) after conjunction that introduces a subordinate clause that expresses uncertainty, condition, contradiction
Ela foi ao escritório do professor, para que ele soubesse o que tinha acontecido.
She went to the office of the professor so that he knew what had happened.
She went to the professors office to tell him what had happened.
Pediu-lhe para não conduzir, caso bebesse.
Asked him that so not drive if drank
He asked him not to drink when he drives.
Procurava agir de maneira que agradasse a todos.
Tried to do the way that pleases to all.
He tried to do it in a way that pleased to everyone.
5) in indirect speech if the indirect speech contains an order
Ordenei-lhe que entrasse.
Ordered him that entered.
I ordered him to come in.
Disse-lhe que nos telefonasse.
I told him that us called.
I told him to call us.
6) after idiomatic expressions, adverbs and adverbials that describe uncertainty
Foi impossível que cumpríssemos com estas exigências em tão pouco tempo.
Was impossible that comply with these requests in such short time.
It was impossible to comply with the requests in such a short period of time.
7) after idiomatic expressions that describe a subjective attitude to the world
Era importante que ele chegasse cedo na escola.
Was important that he came early in the school.
It was important that he gets to school early.
Era provável que surgisse outra oportunidade.
Was possible that came up other opportunity.
It was possible that another opportunity came up.
8) in irreal conditional clauses, where the condition is possible, but not probable
Se eu soubesse isso, não estaria sentado aqui agora.
If I knew that not woul be sit here now.
If I knew that I wouldn't be sitting here now.
Se tivesses paciência, obterias o que pretendes.
If had patiences would get the what want.
If only you were more patient, you would get what you want..
9) after certain indefinite pronouns
Quem fizesse greve seria demitido.
Who made strike would be fired.
Whoever participates in the strike, will be fired.





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